Melasma is a skin condition that appears as brown spots on the skin from the body producing too much pigment. The cause is not yet clear. But the most common cases are caused by UV rays and increased levels of certain female hormones.
The cause of melasma is not yet clear. But the main factors that are often found include:UFABET
- UV Rays: Prolonged exposure to UV rays from sunlight causes melanocyte cells to produce more melanin in the skin. and causes the skin to become dark as a result.
- hormonal changes It is assumed that levels of the hormones estrogen (Estrogen) and progesterone (Progesterone) is involved in the occurrence of blemishes. This is because blemishes are often found in people with higher than normal levels of these hormones. Factors that cause these hormones to rise include taking birth control pills. Hormone Replacement Therapy or pregnancy Especially during the 2nd–3rd trimester.
- Genetics, because there are many patients who have a family history of melasma, such as melasma in twin pairs.
- Using certain drugs that make the skin sensitive to light, such as anticonvulsants and certain antibiotics Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), diuretics (Diuretics), retinoids, and blood sugar lowering drugs. (Hypoglycaemics) Anti-psychotic drugs (Antipsychotics) and targeted cancer drugs (Targeted Therapy)
- Some essential substances from cosmetics or soaps
- Other factors such as stress, LED lights or tanning beds